Emissions from the UK’s offshore oil and gas industry fell by the equivalent of 1.8 million tonnes of CO2 in 2020, a 10% reduction, according to a report from the leading industry body.
In its 2021 Energy Transition Outlook, OGUK estimates that emissions from the production, transport and processing of oil and gas in the UK fell to the equivalent of 17.1m tonnes of CO2 in 2020. This compares with the 2018 figure of 18.9m tonnes (5 percent of the UK’s national emissions).
Nearly half the reductions in 2020 were due to industry action, including efficiency improvements and reduced flaring and venting. The remaining reductions were due to a decrease in activity because of the pandemic.
The OGUK report comes on the same day as the UK Government is due to release its Net Zero Strategy, setting out how the country might cut emissions while growing the economy.
“This gradual uncoupling of emissions generation from oil and gas production means the UK continental shelf is emitting fewer greenhouse gas emissions per barrel of oil and gas,” the OGUK report will say.
The reductions are in line with the sector’s ambitious commitments under the North Sea Transition Deal, in which the industry committed to reduce emissions 10% by 2025, 25% by 2027, and 50% by 2030.
The sector’s reduction targets, along with its pledge to halve methane emissions by 2030 and stop all routine flaring by the same year, marks the UK industry as one of the most ambitious in the world in terms of reducing greenhouse gases.
Most of the UK sector’s emissions come from generating the energy needed to power offshore installations, including safety systems, plus electricity and heat for the workforce. Electrification, where installations are powered by electricity from renewables instead of oil and gas, will be a key factor in reducing such emissions.
OGUK’s full report is due on Thursday 21 October and will outline how the industry will use its expertise to help decarbonise power generation, transport, and industry.
OGUK sustainability director Mike Tholen said:
“This is just the beginning of our journey, with our industry committed to cutting emissions by half within this decade, 90 per cent by 2040 and becoming completely carbon neutral by 2050.
“We expect to see faster reductions post-2023 as industry initiatives have an increasing impact, supported by broader climate initiatives.
“We need a managed and orderly transition to a lower-carbon energy system, and during this period society will continue to use oil and gas.
“Our challenge now is to ensure the energy sector receives enough investment to significantly scale-up the solutions this country will need to make production sustainable, and to decarbonise the whole UK economy.”